Understanding Socialism: Part Two.
The Seeds of Socialism.
Believe it or not, we’re still not up to Karl Marx because we’re mired in the turn of the 19th Century. Part Two reveals the progenitors of socialist theory toward the end of the Enlightenment era. Charles Fourier, Henri de Saint-Simon and Robert Owen lay the groundwork coming out of the American and French revolutions by imagining new societies and mechanisms of power. In their writings we begin to see the roots of Marxian philosophy and draw upon concepts and experiments that would influence Marx and others during the second industrial revolution.
- The Collector: What do Hegel and Marx Have in Common?
- Socialist Alternative: Robert Owen and Utopian Socialism
- Encyclopedia of Marxism: Events
- Washington State University: Introduction to 19th-Century Socialism | Common Errors in English Usage and More
- Howard Zinn: Commemorating Emma Goldman: 'Living My Life'
- Stanford: Hegel's Dialectics
- The History of Economic Thought: Cesare Beccaria
- Stanford: Jeremy Bentham
- Foundation for Economic Education: Robert Owen: The Woolly-Minded Cotton Spinner
- Joseph A. Schumpeter: Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy
- John M. Thompson: Revolutionary Russia, 1917
- Bernard Harcourt: Critique and Praxis
- Ray Ginger: The Bending Cross: A Biography of Eugene Victor Debs
- Karl Marx: The Communist Manifesto
- Karl Marx: Das Kapital
- Michael Harrington: Socialism: Past and Future
- Victor Serge + Natalia Ivanovna Sedova: Life and Death of Leon Trotsky
- Anne Sebba: Ethel Rosenberg: An American Tragedy
- Bernie Sanders: It’s Ok to Be Angry about Capitalism