Understanding Socialism: Part Six.
The final, final (no really) installment in our series on socialism looks narrowly at the period between World War One and the Russian Revolution to identify factors that contributed to the Bolshevik departure from Marxist theory and how nationalism squashed any hope for an internationalist movement. We revisit the words of the theorists and activists we covered in the series from Jeremy Bentham to Eugene Debs and raise difficult questions about the future of socialist activity in the United States specifically and whether new ideas are required to battle the ravages of capitalism.
- Joseph A. Schumpeter: Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy
- John M. Thompson: Revolutionary Russia, 1917
- Bernard Harcourt: Critique and Praxis
- Ray Ginger: The Bending Cross: A Biography of Eugene Victor Debs
- Karl Marx: The Communist Manifesto
- Karl Marx: Das Kapital
- Michael Harrington: Socialism: Past and Future
- Victor Serge + Natalia Ivanovna Sedova: Life and Death of Leon Trotsky
- Anne Sebba: Ethel Rosenberg: An American Tragedy
- Peter Kropotkin: The Conquest of Bread
- Staughton Lynd + Andrej Grubačic: Wobblies and Zapatistas: Conversations on Anarchism, Marxism, and Radical History
- Emma Goldman: Anarchism and Other Essays
- Anthony J. Nocella II, Mark Seis and Jeff Shantz: Classic Writings in Anarchist Criminology: A Historical Dismantling of Punishment and Domination.
- Margaret MacMillan: The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914
- The Collector: What do Hegel and Marx Have in Common?
- Socialist Alternative: Robert Owen and Utopian Socialism
- Marxists.org: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Events
- Washington State University: Introduction to 19th-Century Socialism
- Howard Zinn: Commemorating Emma Goldman: 'Living My Life'
- Stanford: Hegel's Dialectics
- The History of Economic Thought: Cesare Beccaria
- Stanford: Jeremy Bentham
- Foundation for Economic Education: Robert Owen: The Woolly-Minded Cotton Spinner
- Stanford: Karl Marx
- Central European Economic and Social History: Economic Development In Europe In The 19th Century
- Marxists.org: Encyclopedia of Marxism
- The New Yorker: Karl Marx, Yesterday and Today
- Marxists.org: Glossary of Organisations
- Northwestern Whitepaper: The Second Industrial Revolution
- The Collector: Revolutions of 1848
- Chemins de Mémoire: Franco-Prussian War of 1870
- Journal of Modern History: 1870 in European History and Historiography
- JSTOR: Paul Avrich: The Legacy of Bakunin
- Marxists.org: Bakunin
- The Anarchist Library: The Federative Principle
- The Anarchist Library: Property Is Theft
- Jacobin: Why Kautsky was Right
- The New Yorker: Dreyfus Affair
- The Jacobin: John Dewey
- Marxists.org: Anarchism and Anarcho-Syndicalism
- Spartacus Ed: Karl Kautsky
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: FAQs
- 1921, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons. Changes were made.